Samburu National Reserve is situated at the southern corner of Samburu District in Rift Valley Province of Kenya. It is bordered to the south by ewaso Nyiro River, Which separates it from the buffalo springs National reserve.
The reserve covers an area of 165 Km square and is located around 345 Km from Nairobi.
The reserve les within ecological zone V- which is classified as arid and semi-arid with moisture index of 42 to 57, which indicate that evapotranspiration is greater than available moisture. The days are extremely hot while the nights are cool. The annual mean temperatures range between 18 degrees and 30 degrees while the mean annual rainfall is 354 mm with peaks in November and april. The dry season starts in late May, and goes up to early October during when large concentration of wildlife is found in the reserve due to availability of lush vegetation along Ewaso Nyiro River, then main source of water to the reserve and the nearby communities.
Game viewing ( what to see)
The reserve is reach in wildlife with frame for abundance in rare northern specialist species such as Grevy Zebra, somali ostrich, Reticulated Giraffe, Gerenuk and the Beisa Oryx (Also referred as Samburu Special). The reserve is also popular with a minimum of 900 elephants . Large predators such as the lion, leopard and cheetah are an important attraction (Kamunyak the Miracle Lioness that adopted the baby Oryx is a resident in the reserve). Wild dogs sightings are also common attraction to this unique protected area. Birdlife is abundant with over 450 species recorded. Birds of the arid northern bush country are augmented bu a number of riverine forest species. Lesser Kestrel and the Tita falcon are species of global conversation concern and they both utilize the reserve. Five species categorized as vulnerable have recorded in the reserve. These are African Darter, Great Egret, White – headed vulture, Martial Eagle and the Yellow – billed Ox-pecker. Critically endangered species under CITIES- pancake tortoise (malacochersus tonier) is found in the reserve.